God shows us what kind of God he is – a gracious God, merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love and relenting from disaster.
This is one example in the Bible where a sovereign God relates to man in terms that man understands, but that do not negate his perfect knowledge or sovereignty.
Nineveh is actually a better example of authentic repentance than Jonah (and Israel) and this brings abut the gracious deliverance from God’s wrath.
The water episode in Jonah 2 is a picture of redemption/salvation that comes only through judgment.
Jonah's language is rightly understood when we see it as an anticipation of the suffering of Christ on the cross.
We want to look at the nature, necessity and benefit of typological interpretation.
God demonstrates himself to be a sovereign and just God whose wrath must be appeased.
Jonah is directly contrasted with the sailors, the captain of the ship and, ultimately, Jesus Christ.
God uses Jonah as a representative of the Jews to show his love and compassion on the Gentiles.
The prophets are servants, appointed and empowered by God, commissioned to prosecute covenant lawsuits and proclaim the coming of a new (and better) covenant.
What is the background of Jonah? Why was it written? How is it structured? What does it hope to teach us?